Independent Pier Company (IPC) was founded by Emil Meyle about 1895. It was operated originally under the name of E. Meyle. The services included wharfage, towing, lighterage, and stevedoring. In 1909 the business was incorporated as Independent Pier Company. In 1931, the Pennsylvania charter was surrendered and the company was incorporated under Delaware law in order to obtain authority for a broader scope of operations. In 1915 IPC acquired control of the business of Chas. Killam & Co., which owned five lighters. Independent Towing Company, a subsidiary of IPC, was incorporated in 1926. The Tug Triton Company, Tug Neptune Company, and Tug Spartan Company were also incorporated in 1926; the Tug Jupiter Company was incorporated in 1939. The Tug Mercury Company was incorporated in 1942. These companies were all owned by IPC.
This is a collection of records of the Independent Pier Company. There are a number of logs of tugs, including: Jupiter (1962-1974); Mercury (1965-1978); Saturn (1971); Silver Comet (1979); Venus (1955-1977); Triton (1950-1977); Trojan (1971); unidentified (1949-1975) (logbooks are not present for every year in given date ranges). There are also maintenance logs for various tugs, 1967-1980; and towing/lighterage logs (1942-1946, 1949-1951, 1961). Records for the tug Neptune include certificates of inspection, capital stock reports, receipts and bills of sale for shares. The collection contains manuscript specifications for a tug boat, undated, and plans for various engine components and other ship’s equipment, mostly dating from 1955. Other records include: account books of Independent Pier Co., 1932-1939 and 1944-1951; cash books, 1932-1934 and 1950s; financial statements, 1948-1954; a time book, 1957-1959; tug assistance contracts, 1969; stock share certificates for Spartan, Neptune, Mercury; a list of employees, with name, birth date, and social security number; and bills and receipts for orders of seafood and meat. There are a small number of records from the company’s early period, including inspection tickets and bills of sale. Independent Towing Company records include letterhead, an agreement form for stevedoring services, bumper stickers, and business cards. The collection also contains records related to the Independent Pier Company’s involvement with the War Shipping Administration (1941-1947), including contracts, correspondence and memoranda, financial statements, records related to contractors, stevedores, and overtime expense recovery following the war.
- Tugboats–Delaware River (N.Y.-Del. and N.J.)
- United States. War Shipping Administration
- Ledgers (account books)
- Receipts (financial records)
- Ships plans
- Ships’ logs
- Jupiter, Tug
- Philadelphia Docks and Wharves
- Port of Philadelphia