James Dugan (1912-1967) was born in Altoona, Pennsylvania. Dugan attended Altoona High School and graduated in 1929. He studied at Penn State University from 1933-1937. After graduating Dugan moved to New York. During the Second World War, he supervised French, German, Spanish and Russian classes for soldiers. He also worked as a war correspondent. During this time he wrote articles for magazines such as the Saturday Evening Post, Holiday, National Geographic and New York Times. In 1946 he married Ruth Mae Lonergan, whom he met while she was a WAC in London during the war. Much of his writing in the 1950s and 1960s concerns underwater exploration with Captain Jacques Cousteau. Dugan first met Cousteau in 1944 during the liberation of France. Dugan was the author of Man Under the Sea, American Viking, The Great Iron Ship, and editor of Captain Cousteau’s Underwater Treasury. He helped Cousteau with the presentation of his underwater documentaries, which helped to inform the general public about the sea. Dugan received the Grand Prix, Cannes International Film Festival award for The Silent World in 1956, and was part of the team that produced the Academy Award-winning documentaries The Silent World (1956) and World Without Sun (1964). Dugan was a member of the American Littoral Society and the American Geographical Union. With his wife Ruth, he helped to found the United States Liaison Committee for Oceanographic Research in 1951. The purpose of the committee was to raise and grant money for marine research.
This is a collection of papers of James and Ruth Dugan on diving, marine science, and other related topics. Materials in the collection include photos, films, periodicals, correspondence, clippings, and miscellaneous records. Photographs in the collection include: images of dives off the French coast of the Mediterranean; images of Jacques Cousteau and his crew at work and candid shots of them (Cousteau playing an accordion and photos of John F. Kennedy and Cousteau); slides from Hawaii and San Francisco. Printed materials in the collection include: magazines, reprints and extracts; newspaper clippings, many of which deal with Jacques Cousteau and the Cousteau Society; newsletters; directories; diving equipment catalogs; a private cable code book from 1955; programs and brochures; and several books, including an oversize volume “Greek Ships of 1821″. Audiovisual materials in the collection include: reel-to-reel audio tapes, including interviews (Admiral Momsen on submarines; and Jacques Cousteau), talks, meeting of the MAVC convention, 1961, and audio of sounds made by the Weddell seal; film reels, including footage of the dive at Fontaine de Vaucluse; and a number of commercial videos related to marine subjects. Records related to the United States Liaison Committee for Oceanographic Research includes Ruth and James Dugan correspondence. The correspondence largely relates to the tax status of the organization. Records also include one grant application, bank statements, and canceled checks. Other materials in the collection include: typescripts of articles and other writings; multiple copies of a brochure written by Dugan for an extermination company; plans for an underwater exhibit at the Philadelphia Maritime Museum, 1974; and several maps and charts, including a chart of New York Harbor, the ocean floor, and other locations; a can of Evian water; a diving mask; and a metal valve handle.
The collection also includes items related to Auguste and Louis Boutan. Materials include: plans of diving apparatus; manuscript of a chapter on Louis Boutan in Man Under the Sea, by Dugan; typed notes on Boutan, in English and French; instruction booklet and brochure for Boutan’s Scaphandre Autonome; articles on Boutan; photos of Boutan (1880-1930); prints of underwater photos by Boutan (1890s) and a portfolio containing 4 of Boutan’s underwater photographs: “Photographies Sous-Marines par L. Boutan”, 1898; photos of Boutan’s diving apparatus; several drawings of diving apparatus; plans for a diving vessel; and charts of weight, displacement, and so on for the vessel.
- Cousteau, Jacques, 1910-1997
- Diving–Equipment and supplies
- Boutan, Louis Marie Auguste, 1859-1934
- Underwater Photography–History
- Nautical charts
- Motion pictures
- Schematic drawings
- Slides (Photographs)
- Sound recordings
- Diving Gear