James W. Southard was a U.S. Naval officer. He was appointed Midshipman in 1842. He resigned from the Navy in 1831.
The three masted square-rigger North Carolina’s keel was laid in 1818 at the Philadelphia Navy Yard. She was launched in 1820 after being fitted out in Norfolk Navy Yard. Considered the most powerful vessel afloat in her day when commissioned in June 1824, North Carolina was invited to many foreign ports. From April 1825 until May 1827, North Carolina served in the Mediterranean fleet as Commodore John Rogers’ flagship. Again flagship of her station, flying the pennant of Commodore Henry E. Ballard, North Carolina reached Callao, Peru in May of 1837. With war raging between Chile and Peru, and relations between the United States and Mexico strained, North Carolina protected the important American commerce of the eastern Pacific until March 1839. Since her great size made her less flexible than smaller ships, she returned to the New York Navy Yard in June, and served as a receiving ship until placed in ordinary in 1866. She was sold at New York, 1 October 1867.
Logbook entitled, “A Journal Kept by Midshipman James W. Southard on board the United States’ Ship of the Line the North-Carolina,” recording observations of wind, weather, latitude, course, and remarks during the ship’s cruise of the Mediterranean, 1825-1827. There are two watercolor drawings of ships at the front of the logbook. The collection also includes a notebook with questions and answers on the practice of seamanship, 1828.
- North Carolina (Ship-of-the-line)
- Rodgers, John, 1773-1838
- United States. Navy. Mediterranean Squadron
- Ships’ logs
- North Carolina (Ship of the Line): entries in Southard’s log duplicate entries in the other logbook
- Check to see if Hemphill letter to Samuel Southard is related (accession record indicated it might be).
- Sailing, Teaching and Study