New York Shipbuilding Corporation

New York Shipbuilding Corporation records, 1895–1967.
6 boxes, 1 volume, plus 3 flat file drawers, 8 filing cabinet drawers, 1 large binder, 2 rolled plans, and 1 envelope (28.25 linear feet).
Abstract

Collection of photographs, photograph albums and specification books from the New York Shipbuilding Corporation, located in Camden, N. J., dating from 1895-1967. The photographs are mostly of construction, launches, christening ceremonies, and trial trips. Some of the ships significantly represented are the battleships Michigan, Utah and Colorado, aircraft carriers Kitty Hawk and Saratoga, nuclear ship Savannah; also many other destroyers, destroyer escorts, guided missile destroyers, cargo freighters, passenger ships, colliers, oil tankers, ferry boats and barges. The photograph albums document the launching ceremonies of 24 ships, including the S. S. Philine, the U. S. S. Guardfish, the N. S. Savannah (with Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower, sponsor), and the U. S. S. Kitty Hawk, 1958-1965. The specification books date from 1895-1929, and include specifications for ships such as a triple screw armored battleship for the Argentine Republic (1910), a protected cruiser for the Imperial Chinese Navy (1911), and for revenue cutters, car floats, colliers and passenger ships. The collection also includes some photographs and maps of the shipyard; a few portraits of managers; and an inventory of equipment assets, 1967.

About New York Shipbuilding Corporation

The New York Shipbuilding Corporation (NYS) was founded in 1899 by Henry G. Morse (1850-1903), who served as the company’s first president. The name reflects its originally intended location on Staten Island; although the name was already incorporated, land was cheaper in Camden, New Jersey, so Morse built the shipyard there. According to the history of the first fifty years of the New York Shipbuilding Corporation, “at the outset, it was decided to break away from the old century’s accepted practices of ship building and build a yard in which could be applied the most up-to-date labor-saving machinery and advanced methods of structural steel construction,” (NYS, page 11). As a result, “a revolutionary idea of connecting all the parts of the yard with overhead cranes, making the transportation of materials significantly easier,” (ELSLAW) was implemented. During its tenure, the New York Shipbuilding Corporation constructed over 500 ships.

The company held significant government contracts during both World Wars, and built ships for the U. S. Navy, the Coast Guard, the Emergency Fleet Corporation and the Department of Commerce and Labor. However, NYS did not rely only on governmental commissions. During the 1930s the company was responsible for the completion of luxury ocean liners, such as the Manhattan and the Washington of the United States Lines, and also built ships for Pennsylvania Railroad, Reading Railroad, Standard Oil and American Export Lines. In addition to American contracts, some notable commissions came from international clients. NYS built a battleship for Argentina, a fuel ship for Japan, and a Protected Cruiser for Greece.

NYS completed its last ship in 1967 and went out of business shortly thereafter.

About the collection

Collection of photographs, photograph albums and specification books from the New York Shipbuilding Corporation, located in Camden, New Jersey, dating from 1895-1967. The photographs are mostly of construction, launches, christening ceremonies, and trial trips. Some of the ships significantly represented are the battleships Michigan, Utah and Colorado, aircraft carriers Kitty Hawk and Saratoga, nuclear ship Savannah; also many other destroyers, destroyer escorts, guided missile destroyers, cargo freighters, passenger ships, colliers, oil tankers, ferry boats and barges. The photograph albums document the launching ceremonies of 24 ships, including SS Philine, USS Guardfish, NS Savannah (with Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower, sponsor), and USS Kitty Hawk, 1958-1965. The specification books date from 1895-1929, and include specifications for ships such as a triple screw armored battleship for the Argentine Republic (1910), a protected cruiser for the Imperial Chinese Navy (1911), and for revenue cutters, car floats, colliers and passenger ships. The collection also includes some photographs and maps of the shipyard; a few portraits of managers; and an inventory of equipment assets, 1967.

Subjects
  • New York Shipbuilding Corporation
  • Camden (N.J.)
  • Kitty Hawk (Aircraft carrier)
  • Savannah (Nuclear ship)
  • Shipbuilding
  • Shipbuilding industry
  • Shipyards
  • Michigan (Battleship)
  • Utah (Battleship)
  • Colorado (Battleship)
  • Saratoga (Aircraft carrier)
Types of material
  • Architectural drawings
  • Clippings
  • Negatives (Photographic)
  • Newsletters
  • Photographs
  • Scrapbooks
  • Specifications
Related collections
  • Independence Seaport Museum: Independence Seaport Museum collection on the New York Shipbuilding Corporation, 1919-1964
  • Ward Collection of New York Shipbuilding Corporation materials, 1919-1967
  • Other materials are available at Hagley Museum and Library
  • Camden County Historical Society
  • South Jersey Port Corporation.
Reference files
  • USS Michigan
  • New York Shipbuilding
  • NS Savannah
This entry was posted in Aircraft Carriers, Barges, Battleships, Cruisers, Destroyers, Ferries, Large Vessel Builders, Photo-rich Collections, Shipbuilding and Shipyards, Tankers and Cargo Vessels. Bookmark the permalink.

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