John Reed and Standish Forde were Philadelphia merchants who traded directly to numerous European ports in Spain, France, Holland, Portugal, and foreign West Indies.
French Spoliation Claims, demands made upon the U.S. government by American merchants for shipping losses incurred at the hands of the French between 1793 and 1800. The American merchant vessels were sunk or seized by the French, after the U.S. had been charged by France with violating the terms of a commercial treaty concluded between the two countries in 1778, during the American Revolution. The spoliation claims were settled when the U.S. government effectuated the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and, in addition, assumed the claims of the American merchants against the French to the amount of $3,750,000. Between 1800 and 1850, approximately 50 legislative bills to reimburse the claimants or their descendants came before Congress. Appropriations were voted on two occasions but were vetoed by Presidents James Polk and Franklin Pierce. Finally, in 1885, the claims were adjudicated and the descendants of the original claimants were awarded $4.8 million.
This is a collection of business papers of Reed and Forde, papers related to the estates of John Reed and Standish Forde, and a small number of papers of John Claghorn, who was administrator of the estate of John Reed. Materials include: correspondence (1792-1907), including a number of letters from Daniel Clark Jr., clerk, addressed to Reed and Ford and to Mr. Daniel W. Coxe; correspondence related to the French spoliation claim of Reed and Forde for the schooner Ulalia; a 1905 financial statement of award in the French spolication case; printed documents of Court of Claims in the case of Ulalia; and news clippings, 1886-1891 related to the French Spoliation settlements. JThe collection also includes cemetery records of John Claghorn and John Reed and a copy of the will of Standish Forde; a 1886 certificate assigning John W. Claghorn as administrator of the estate of John Reed; a 1735 deed for a lot in Mulberry Street; and and a manifest of the brig Molly from 1794.
- Clark, Daniel, 1766-1813
- Coxe, Daniel W. (Daniel William), 1769-1852
- Forde, Standish, 1759-1806
- Ulalia (Schooner)
- French spoliation claims
- Philadelphia (Pa.) — Commerce — 18th century
- Merchants — Pennsylvania — Philadelphia
- ISM: J. Claghorn Papers
- ISM: Henry W. Peterson collection of Reed and Forde manuscripts
- French Spoliation Claims