United States Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation

United States Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation records, 1918–1919.
1 box (0.41 linear feet).
About United States Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation

On 16 April 1917 the U.S. Shipping Board incorporated the Emergency Fleet Corporation to build, own, and operate a merchant fleet for the U.S. government. It performed these functions until 11 February 1927, when Congress changed its name to the Merchant Fleet Corporation. In 1916 the shipbuilding industry completed only 300,000 deadweight tons of ships, whereas the United States during war needed an annual output of 6 million to 10 million deadweight tonnage. To meet this emergency the Fleet Corporation first requisitioned the 431 steel ships being built in American yards for foreign operators. Second, the corporation built three great steel shipyards and invested in many other yards. To speed up construction, yards assembled “fabricated” ships of standard design out of plates and parts made in factories as far west as Kansas.

About the collection

Collection of records of the United States Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation. Materials include: bound set of charts of shipyard locations and plans of plant layouts of facilities building vessels for the Emergency Fleet Corporation; information for bidders on the fabrication of the steel work for 7500 ton class A vessels at Hog Island, to be constructed by the American International Shipbuilding Corporation; a wage scale for employees in shipyards; and lists of vessels being built for the Emergency Fleet Corporation, including vessel name, class, hull number, builder, and location. Other items in the collection include: vessel registration cards; an application for leave; a pass property issued to L. Snyder; two published volumes prepared by the Emergency Fleet Corporation: Hull Specifications and Fastening Specifications; and pay packets from the American International Shipbuilding Corporation, agent for the Emergency Fleet Corporation.

Subjects
  • American International Shipbuilding Corporation
  • United States Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation
  • Shipbuilding–Pennsylvania–Philadelphia
Types of material
  • Architectural drawings
Related collections
  • ISM: American International Shipbuilding Corporation records
Reference files
  • American International Shipbuilding Corporation
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