Samuel Matthews Vauclain (1856 -1940) was a lifelong employee of the Baldwin Locomotive Works Company. He was a locomotive manufacturer, inventor, salesman, and international businessman. One of his many achievements was the invention of the compound locomotive in 1889.
His brother James L. Vauclain (1838 and 1874) was 1st Assistant Engineer on USS Periwinkle and USS Standish. In 1861, James L. Vauclain a mechanic for the Lafayette and Indianapolis Railroad, patented a locomotive smokestack that saved fuel and increased power by means of a moveable throat that could be controlled by the engineer, and by employing a smaller stack from which ashes and dust would be thrown higher.
USS Periwinkle (1864) was a steamer procured by the Union Navy during the final months of the American Civil War. She served the Union Navy’s struggle against the Confederate States of America as a patrol gunship.
USS Standish was an iron-hulled screw tug built at Boston in 1864, completed too late for service in the American Civil War. After completing her trials in January 1866, the ship was laid up at Norfolk until 1871 when she was placed in service at the Norfolk Navy Yard. She was sold on 5 August 1921 to B. Wever & Sons, Baltimore, Md.
Quaker City was a steam launch built at Hog Island by the American International Shipbuilding Corporation, and launched in 1920. In 1942, as it was hauling manganese ore from South Africa to Norfolk, Virginia, Quaker City was attacked and sunk by a German U-boat.
This is a collection of papers of the Vauclain family. Materials include: logbook of USS Periwinkle and USS Standish, 1869-1870; certificate of appointment of James L. Vauclain as 3rd Assistant Engineer, U.S. Navy; passports for Samuel M. Vauclain, Anna Vauclain and her children; certificates of appointment of Samuel M. Vauclain as member of the Pennsylvania Commission to construct a bridge over the Delaware River; and a small collection of correspondence between Matthew Branch, president of American International Shipbuilding Corporation and Samuel M. Vauclain and his daughter Constance regarding her sponsorship of Quaker City, which was launched in 1919.
- Periwinkle (Steamer)
- Standish (Tug)
- Quaker City (Steam merchant)
- Ships logs
- American International Shipbuilding Company (?)
- Delaware River Bridges (prob not)